Blues Artists Directory

Directory of early (pre-war) US blues artists, their backgrounds, blues music genres, and instruments played.

Introduction to the details listed

Name – the commonly known name of the artist

More information about each artist can be found by clicking the artist’s name, this will take you to the associated Wikipedia entry if present or to an other source if not. Also included below the artist’s name, where appropriate, are links to other articles on this website with references to the blues artist(s) listed.

Birth Name – the artist’s given birth name

Birthplace – the artist’s place of birth (town/county and state)

For those readers not too familiar with US State abbreviations click here for a full list of all US states.
‘Location’ links are provided here to related articles on this website, where appropriate.

Born-Died – date of birth and date of death

Where the date of birth is not known or there are several possibilities, the most commonly known date is followed by ‘?’.
See the Wikipedia link for more information.

Genres – the artist’s most prominent blues genres

A full list of Blues Genres used in this directory together with a brief description of the genre and stylistic origins is given here.

Instruments – the artist’s preferred instruments

Stand-alone ‘singers’ are denoted as such, whereas musicians who also sang are generally denoted as ‘vocals’.



Please email if you find any errors.
A similar directory of British blues artists appears separately in the British Blues section (coming soon).

The Early (Pre-war) US Blues Artists Directory …

A Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Black Ace Babe Kyro Lemon Turner  Hughes Springs, TX 1905-1972 Texas, Country Guitar, Vocals
Johnny Ace John Marshall Alexander Jr. Memphis, TN 1929-1954 R&B Singer
Nathan Abshire Nathan Abshire Gueydan, TN 1913-1981 Cajun, Swamp Accordion, Vocals
Faye Adams Fanny Tuell Newark, NJ 1932- Gospel, R&B Singer
Woodrow Adams Woodrow Wilson Adams Tchula, MS 1917-1988 Delta Guitar, Harp
Texas Alexander Alger Alexander Jewell, TX 1900-1954 Texas, Country Singer
Luther Allison Luther Allison Widener, AR 1939-1997 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Mose Allison Mose John Allison Jr. Tippo,MS 1927-2016 Mainly Jazz, some Delta Piano, Trumpet, Vocals
Albert Ammons Albert Clifton Ammons Chicago, IL 1907-1949 Chicago Piano
Pink Anderson Pinkney Anderson Laurens, SC 1900-1974 Piedmont, Country Guitar, Vocals
Amédé Arduin Amédé Ardoin Basile, LA 1898-1942 Zydeco, Creole Accordion, Vocals
Billy Boy Arnold William Arnold Chicago, IL 1935- Chicago, R&B Harp, Vocals
Kokomo Arnold James Arnold Lovejoy’s Station, GA 1901?-1968 Chicago Singer, Slide Guitar
Cecil Augusta Cecil Augusta Memphis, TN 1920-? Delta Guitar, Vocals
B Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
DeFord Bailey  DeFord Bailey Smith County, TN 1899-1982 Blues Harp
Kid Bailey Kid Bailey Memphis, TN ? Delta Guitar, Vocals
LaVern Baker Delores Evans Chicago, IL 1929-1997 R&B Singer
Mickey Baker MacHouston Baker Louisville, KY 1925-2012 R&B Guitar
Hank Ballard John Henry Kendricks Los Angeles, CA 1927-2003 R&B Singer
Barbecue Bob  Robert Hicks Walnut Grove, GA 1902-1931 Piedmont, Country Guitar, Vocals
Dave Bartholemew Davis Bartholomew Edgard, LA 1918- R&B Trumpet
Nathan Beauregard Nathan Bogard Colbert, MS 1887?-1970 Delta, Folk Guitar
Carey Bell Carey Bell Harrington Macon, MS 1936-2007 Chicago Harp, Vocals
Fred Below Frederick Below, Jr Chicago, IL 1926-1988 Chicago Drums
Gladys Bentley Gladys Alberta Bentley Philadelphia, PA 1907-1960 Blues Singer, 
Buster Benton Arley Benton Texarkana, AR 1932-1996 Chicago, Soul Blues Singer, Guitar
Chuck Berry Charles Edward Anderson Berry St. Louis, MO 1926-2017 R&B Guitar, Vocals
Scrapper Blackwell  Francis Hillman Blackwell Syracuse, SC 1903-1962 Chicago, Piedmont Guitar, Vocals
Blind Blake Arthur Blake Newport News, VA 1896-1934 Piedmont, Country Guitar, Vocals
Bobby ‘Blue’ Bland Robert Calvin Brooks Barretville, TN 1930-2013 Soul Blues, R&B Singer
Lucille Bogan Lucille Anderson Amory, MS 1897-1948 Delta, Country Singer
Juke Boy Bonner Weldon Philip Bonner Bellville, TX 1932-1978 Texas Singer, Guitar
Charley Booker Charley Booker Moorhead, MS 1925-1989 Delta Guitar, Vocals
James Booker James Carroll Booker III New Orleans, LA 1939-1983 R&B Piano, Singer
Eddie Boyd Edward Riley Boyd Shelby, MS 1914-1994 Blues Piano, Vocals
Ishman Bracey Ishmon Bracey Byram, MS 1899-1970 Delta, Country Guitar, Vocals
Jackie Brenston Jackie Brenston Clarksdale, MS 1930-1979 R&B Sax, Singer
John Brim John Charles Brim Hopkinsville, KY 1922-2003 Chicago Guitar, Singer, 
Hadda Brooks Hattie L. Hapgood Los Angeles, CA 1916-2002 Blues, R&B Singer, Piano
Big Bill Broonzy Lee Conley Bradley Lake Dick, AR 1893?-1958 Chicago, Country, Sprituals Guitar, Vocals
Buster Brown Buster Brown Cordele, GA 1911-1976 Blues, R&B Vocals, Harp
Charles Brown Tony Russell Brown Texas City, TX 1922-1999 Blues Piano, Vocals
Clarence ‘Gatemouth’ Brown Clarence Brown Jr Vinton, LA 1924-2005 Texas Fiddle, Vocals
Nappy Brown Napoleon Brown Goodson Culp Charlotte, NC 1929-2008 R&B, Blues Singer
Roy Brown Roy James Brown Kinder, LA 1925-1981 Jump Blues, R&B Singer
Ruth Brown Ruth Alston Weston Portsmouth, VA 1928-2006 R&B Singer
Willie Brown Willie Lee Brown Clarksdale, MS 1900-1952 Delta, Country Guitar, Vocals
Bumble Bee Slim Admiral Amos Easton Brunswick, GA 1905-1968 Piedmont Singer, Guitar
RL Burnside  Robert Lee Burnside Harmontown, MS 1926-2005 Hill Country Blues Guitar, Vocals
Charlie Burse Charlie Burse Sheffield, AL 1901-1965 Memphis Guitar, Banjo
George ‘Wild Child’ Butler George Butler Aulaugaville, AL 1936-2005 Memphis Harp, Vocals
Butterbeans and Susie Jodie & Susie Edwards Unknown Jodie: 1893-1967
Susie: 1894-1963
Blues Singers
C Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Gus Cannon Gustavus Cannon Red Banks, MS 1883-1979 Memphis Banjo, Jug
Carolina Slim Edward P. Harris Leasburg, NC 1923-1953 Piedmont Guitar
Leroy Carr Leroy Carr Nashville, TN 1905-1935 Blues Piano, Vocals
Sister Wynona Carr Wynona Merceris Carr Cleveland, OH 1923-1976 R&B Singer
Bo Carter Armenter Chatmon Bolton, MS 1893-1964 Delta, Country Singer, Guitar
John Cephas John Cephas Washington DC 1930-2009 Piedmont Vocals, Guitar
Good Rockin’ Charles Henry Lee Bester Tuscaloosa, AL 1933-1989 Chicago Harp, Singer
Ray Charles Ray Charles Robinson Albany, GA 1930-2004 Soul Blues, R&B Singer, Piano
Sam Chatmon Sam Chatmon Bolton, MS 1897-1983 Delta Vocals, Guitar
Boozoo Chavis Wilson Anthony Chavis Church Point, LA 1930-2001 Zydeco Accordion, Vocals
Clifton Chenier Clifton Chenier Opelousas, LA 1925-1987 Zydeco Accordion, Vocals
WC Clark Wesley Curley Clark Austin, TX 1939- Texas Singer, Guitar
Doctor Clayton Peter Joe Clayton Georgia 1898-1947 Chicago Singer
Jaybird Coleman Burl C. Coleman Gainsville, AL 1896-1950 Country Vocals, Harp
Albert Collins Albert Gene Drewery Leona, TX 1932-1993 Texas, Blues Rock, Jump Blues Vocals, Guitar
Sam Collins  Sam Collins Louisiana 1887-1949 Delta Vocals, Guitar
Johnny Copeland John Clyde Copeland Haynesville, LA 1937-1997 Texas Singer, Guitar
Elizabeth Cotten  Elizabeth Nevills Carrboro, NC 1893-1987 Blues Vocals, Banjo, Guitar
James Cotton James Henry Cotton Tunica, MS 1935-2017 Chicago Harp, Vocals
Don Covay Donald James Randolph Orangeburg, SC 1936-2015 R&B Singer
Ida Cox Ida M. Prather Toccoa, GA 1896-1967 Blues Singer 
Pee-Wee Crayton Connie Curtis Crayton Rockdale, TX 1914-1985 Blues, R&B Vocals, Guitar
Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Crudup Arthur William Crudup Forest, MS 1905-1974 Chicago, Delta Vocals, Guitar
D Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Daddy Stovepipe Johnny Watson Mobile, AL 1867-1973 Blues Singer, Guitar, Harp
Julius Daniel Julius Daniels Denmark, SC 1901-1947 Piedmont Guitar, Vocals
Rev. Gary Davis Gary D. Davis Laurens, SC 1896-1972 Gospel Blues, Piedmont Guitar
James ‘Thunderbird’ Davis James Louis Huston Prichard, AL 1938-1992 Texas Singer 
Blind John Davis John Henry Davis Hattiesburg, MS 1913-1985 Chicago Piano, Vocals
Mamie ‘Galore’ Davis  Mamie Davis Erwin, MS 1940-2001 Blues Singer
Walter Davis Walter Davis Grenada, MS 1911-1963 St. Louis Piano
Cow Cow Davenport  Charles Edward Davenport Anniston, AL 1894-1955 Piano Blues Piano
Jimmy Dawkins James Henry Dawkins Tchula, MS 1936-2013 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
John Delafose John Irvin Delafose Duralde, LA 1939-1994 Zydeco Accordion, Vocals
Bo Diddley Ellas Otha Bates McComb, MS 1928-2008 R&B Vocals, Guitar
Willie Dixon William James Dixon Vicksburg, MS 1915-1992 Chicago Double Bass
Lefty Dizz Walter Williams Osceola, AR 1937-1993 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Fats Domino Antoine Domino Jr New Orleans, LA 1928-2017 R&B Vocals, Piano
Thomas A Dorsey  Thomas Andrew Dorsey Vila Rica, GA 1899-1993 Gospel Blues Vocals, Piano
Lee Dorsey Irving Lee Dorsey New Orleans, LA 1924-1986 R&B Singer
Driftin’ Slim Elmon Mickle Keo, AR 1919-1977 Blues Harp, Vocals
Champion Jack’ Dupree William Thomas Dupree New Orleans, LA 1910-1992 Blues Vocals, Piano
E Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Snooks Eaglin Fird Eaglin, Jr. New Orleans , LA 1937-2009 Blues Vocals, Guitar
Dave ‘Honeyboy’ Edwards David Edwards Shaw, MS 1915-2011 Delta Vocals, Guitar
Big Chief Ellis Wilbert Thirkield Ellis  Birmingham, AL 1914-1977 Blues Piano, Vocals
Sleepy John Estes  John Adams Estes Ripley, TN 1899-1977 Country Vocals, Guitar
F Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Frankie Ford Vincent Francis Guzzo, Jr Gretna, LA 1939-2015 R&B Singer, Piano
Leroy ‘Baby Face’ Foster Leroy Foster Algoma, MS 1923-1958 Chicago Drums, Guitar, Vocals
Left-Hand Frank Frank Craig Greenville, MS 1935-1992 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Blind Boy Fuller  Fulton Allen Wadesboro, NC 1907-1941 Piedmont Guitar, Vocals
Lowell Fulson Lowell Fulson Atoka, OK 1921-1999 West Coast, Jump Blues Guitar, Vocals
Jesse Fuller Jesse Fuller Jonesboro, GA 1896-1976 West Coast Guitar, Harp, Fotdella, Vocals
G Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Bob Gaddy Bob Gaddy Vivian, WV 1924-1997 East Coast Piano, Vocals
Earl Gaines Earl Gaines, Jr Decatur, AL 1935-2009 Soul Blues, R&B Singer, Drums
Roy Gaines Roy James Gaines Waskom, TX 1934- Texas, East Coast Guitar, Vocals
Cecil Gant Cecil Gant Columbia, TN 1913-1951 R&B, Blues Piano, Vocals
Rev J M Gates James M. Gates Hogansville, GA 1884-1945 Gospel Blues Preacher
Rosco Gordon Rosco N. Gordon III Memphis, TN 1928-2002 Memphis Blues, R&B Piano, Vocals
Jazz Gillum William McKinley Gillum Indianola, MS 1904-1966 Chicago Harp, Singer
Guitar Slim Eddie Jones Greenwood, MS 1926-1959 New Orleans Guitar, Vocals
Lil Green Lillian Green Mississippi 1919-1954 Blues Singer
Guitar Shorty David William Kearney Houston, TX 1934- Texas Guitar
Arthur Gunter Arthur Neal Gunter Vesta, GA 1926-1976 Blues, R&B Guitar, Vocals
Buddy Guy George Guy Lettsworth, LA 1936- Chicago Guitar, Vocals
H Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Vera Hall Adell Hall Ward Sumter County, AL 1902-1964 Folk, Country Blues, Spirituals Vocals
WC Handy William Christopher Handy Florence, AL 1873-1958 Blues Piano
Pat Hare Auburn Hare Cherry Valley, AR 1930-1980 Memphis Guitar, Vocals
Harmonica Frank Frank Floyd Toccopola, MS 1908-1984 Rock ‘n’ Blues Harp, Singer
Slim Harpo James Isaac Moore Lobdell, LA 1924-1970 Swamp Harp, Guitar, Vocals
Don ‘Sugarcane’ Harris Don Francis Bowman Harris Pasadena, CA 1938-1999 R&B Violin, Guitar
Wynonie Harris Wynonie Harris Omaha, NE 1915-1969 R&B Guitar, Vocals
Wilbert Harrison Wilbert Huntington Harrison Charlotte, NC 1929-1994 R&B Guitar, Piano, Vocals
Screamin’ Jay Hawkins  Jalacy Hawkins Cleveland, OH 1929-2000 R&B, Blues Vocals, Piano
Lucille Hegamin Lucille Nelson Macon, GA 1894-1970 Classic Female Blues Singer 
Jessie Mae Hemphill Jessie Mae Hemphill Como, MS 1923-2006 Hill Country Blues Singer, Guitar
Blind Joe Hill Joseph Thomas Hill Dunbar, WV 1931-1998 Blues Guitar, Drums, Harp, Vocals
ZZ Hill Arzell J. Hill Naples, TX 1935-1984 Blues Singer
Earl Hooker Earl Zebedee Hooker Quitman County, MS 1930-1970 Chicago Guitar
John Lee Hooker John Lee Hooker Tutwiler, MS 1917-2001 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Lightnin’ Hopkins Sam John Hopkins Centerville, TX 1912-1982 Texas Guitar, Vocals
Shakey Horton Walter Horton Horn Lake, MS 1921-1981 Chicago Harp, Vocals
Son House Edward James House, Jr. Lyon, MS 1902-1988 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Peg-Leg Howell Joshua Barnes Howell Eatonton, GA 1888-1966 Piedmont, Country Guitar, Vocals
Helen Humes Helen Humes Louisville, KY 1913-1981   Singer 
Alberta Hunter Alberta Hunter Memphis, TN 1895-1984 Blues Singer 
Ivory Joe Hunter Ivory Joe Hunter Kirbyville, TX 1914-1974 R&B, Blues Piano, Vocals
Mississippi John Hurt  John Smith Hurt Teoc, MS 1892-1966 Delta, Country Guitar, Vocals
J B Hutto Joseph Benjamin Hutto Blackville, SC 1926-1983 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
I Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Cat Iron William Carradine Garden City, LA 1896-1958 Blues Guitar, Vocals
J Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Papa Charlie Jackson William Henry Jackson New Orleans 1887-1938 Blues Banjo, Guitar, Singer
Elmore James Elmore Brooks Richland, MS 1918-1963 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Etta James Jamesetta Hawkins Los Angeles, CA 1938-2012 Blues, R&B Singer
Homesick James John William Henderson Somerville, TN 1910-2006 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Skip James Nehemiah Curtis James Bentonia, MS 1902-1969 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Frankie ‘Half Pint’ Jaxon Frank Devera Jackson Montgomery, AL 1897-1953 Chicago Singer
Blind Lemon Jefferson Lemon Henry Jefferson Coutchman, TX 1893-1929 Texas, Country Guitar, Vocals
Little Willie John William Edward John Cullendale, AR 1937-1968 R&B Singer
Blind Willie Johnson William Johnson Pendleton, TX 1897-1945 Texas Guitar, Vocals
Johnnie Johnson John Clyde Johnson Fairmont, WV 1924-2005 Blues Piano
Larry Johnson Larry Alonzo Johnson Wrightsville, GA 1938-2016 Piedmont Guitar, Vocals
Lonnie Johnson  Alonzo Johnson New Orleans, LA 1899-1970 St. Louis, Country, Piedmont Guitar, Vocals, Violin
Luther ‘Guitar Junior’ Johnson Luther Johnson Itta Bena, MS 1939- Chicago Singer, Guitar
Luther ‘Snake Boy’ Johnson Lucious Brinson Davisboro, LA 1941-1976 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Robert Johnson Robert Leroy Johnson Hazlehurst, MS 1911-1938 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Tommy Johnson Tom Johnson Terry, MS 1896-1956 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Curtis Jones  Curtis Jones Naples, TX 1906-1971 Piano Blues Vocals, Piano
Floyd Jones Floyd Jones Marianna, AR 1917-1989 Chicago Guitar, Singer
Little Hat Jones George Jones Bowie county, TX 1899-1981 Texas Guitar, Vocals
Little Johnny Jones Johnnie Jones Jackson, MS 1924-1964 Chicago Vocals, Piano
Louis Jordan Louis Thomas Jordan Brinkley, AR 1908-1975 Blues, Jump blues, R&B Sax, Vocals
K Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Willie Kent Willie Kent Inverness, MS 1936-2006 Chicago Bass, Vocals
Junior Kimbrough David Kimbrough Jr Hudsonville, MS 1930-1998 Hill country blues Guitar, Vocals
Big Daddy Kinsey Lester J. Kinsey Jr. Pleasant Grove, MS 1927-2001 Chicago Guitar, Harp, Vocals
Albert King Albert Nelson Indianola, MS 1923-1992 Blues Guitar, Vocals
B.B.King Riley B. King Itta Bena, MS 1925- 2015 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Earl King Earl Silas Johnson IV New Orleans, LA 1934-2003 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Freddie King Fred King Gilmar, TX 1934-1976 Texas, Chicago Guitar, Vocals
L Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Lafayette Leake Lafayette Leake Winona, MI 1919-1990 Chicago Piano
Leadbelly Huddie William Ledbetter Mooringsport, LA 1888-1949 Country blues Guitar, Vocals
Lovie Lee Edward Lee Watson Chattanooga, TN 1909-1997 Chicago Piano, Vocals
Iry LeJeune Ira LeJeune Poiinte Noire, LA 1928-1955 Cajun Accordion, Singer
J B Lenior J. B. Lenoir Monticello, MS 1929-1967 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Cousin Leroy Leroy Rozier  Chester, GA 1925-2008 Urban Singer, Harp
Lazy Lester Leslie Carswell Johnson Torras, LA 1933- Swamp Singer, Harp
Furry Lewis Walter E. Lewis Greenwood, MS 1893-1981 Memphis Vocals, Guitar
Meade ‘Lux’ Lewis Anderson Meade Lewis Chicago, IL 1905-1964 Chicago Piano
Noah Lewis Noah Lewis Henning, TN 1891-1961 Memphis Harp
Smiley Lewis Overton Amos Lemons DeQuincy,LA 1913-1966 Blues, R&B Singer, Guitar
Joe Liggins Theodro Elliott Seminole, OK 1915-1987 R&B, Jump blues Piano, Vocals
Papa George Lightfoot Alexander Lightfoot Natchez, MS 1924-1971 Delta Harp, Vocals
Lightnin’ Slim Otis Verries Hicks St. Louis, MO 1913-1974 Swamp, Louisiana blues Guitar, Vocals
Charley Lincoln Charlie Hicks, Jr. Lithonia, GA 1900-1963 Piedmont Singer, Guitar
Little Sonny Aaron Willis Greensboro, AL 1932- Electric blues Singer, Harp
Johnny Littlejohn John Wesley Funchess Lake, MS 1931-1994 Chicago Guitar, Singer
Mance Lipscomb Beau De Glen Lipscomb Navasota, TX 1895-1976 Texas Singer, Guitar
Robert Lockwood Jr. Robert Lockwood Jr. Turkey Scratch, AR 1915-2006 Delta, Chicago, Country blues Guitar, Vocals
Lonesome Sundown Cornelius Green III Donaldsville, LA 1928-1995 Swamp Guitar, Singer
Professor Longhair Henry Roeland Byrd Bogalusa, LA 1918-1980 New Orleans, Louisiana blues Vocals, Piano
Joe Hill Louis Lester Hill Raines, TN 1921-1957 Memphis Singer, Guitar
Louisiana Red Iverson Minter Bessemer, AL 1936-2012 Blues Singer, Guitar
Willie Love Willie Love Jr. Duncan, MS 1906-1953 Delta, R&B Vocals, Piano
M Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Willie Mabon Willie James Mabon Hollywood, TN 1925-1985 R&B Piano, Vocals
Lonnie Mack Lonnie McIntosh West Harrison, IN 1941-2016 Blues, Blues-rock Guitar, Vocals
Magic Sam Samuel Gene Maghett Grenada County, MS 1937-1969 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Magic Slim Morris Holt Torrance, MS 1937-2013 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Sara Martin Sara Martin Louisville, KY 1884-1955 Classic female blues Singer
Big Maybelle Mabel Louise Smith Jackson, TN 1924-1972 R&B Singer
Percy Mayfield Percy Mayfield Minden, LA 1920-1984 R&B Piano, Vocals
Tommy McClennan Tommy McClennan Durant, MS 1905-1961 Delta, Country Guitar, Singer
Papa’ Charlie McCoy Charles McCoy Jackson, MS 1909-1950 Delta Guitar, Mandolin
Kansas Joe McCoy Wilbur Joe McCoy Raymond, MS 1905-1950 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Jimmy McCracklin James David Walker Jr. Elaine, AR 1921-2012 West Coast, Jump blues Piano, Vocals
Mississippi Fred McDowell Fred McDowell Rossville, TN 1906-1972 Hill country blues Guitar, Vocals
Brownie McGhee  Walter Brown McGhee Knoxville, TN 1915-1996 Piedmont, Country Guitar, Vocals
Sticks’ McGhee Granville Henry McGhee Knoxville, TN 1918-1961 Jump blues Guitar, Singer
Blind Willie McTell William Samuel McTier Thompson, GA 1898-1959 Country, Piedmont, Delta Guitar, Vocals
Memphis Minnie Lizzie Douglas Algiers, LA 1897-1973 Memphis Guitar, Vocals
Memphis Slim John Len Chatman Memphis, TN 1915-1988 Blues Piano, Vocals
Big Maceo Merriweather Major Merriweather Newnan, GA 1905-1953 Chicago Piano, Singer
Amos Milburn Joseph Amos Milburn, Jr. Houston, TX 1927-1980 R&B, Jump blues Piano, Vocals
Roy Milton Roy Bunny Milton Wynnewood, OK 1907-1983 R&B, Jump blues Singer, Drummer
Little Milton James Milton Campbell Jr. Inverness, MS 1934-2005 R&B Guitar, Vocals
Little Brother Montgomery  Eurreal Wilford Montgomery Kentwood, LA 1906-1985 Blues Piano, Vocals
Whistlin’ Alex Moore Alexander Herman Moore Dallas, TX 1899-1989 Blues Piano, Singer
Monette Moore Monette Moore Gainesville, TX 1902-1962 Classic female blues Singer
Buddy Moss  Eugene Moss Jewell, GA 1914-1984 Blues Guitar, Harp, Vocals
Matt ‘Guitar’ Murphy  Matthew Tyler Murphy Sunflower, MS 1929-2018 Chicago Guitar
Sam Myers Samuel Joseph Myers Laurel, MS 1936-2006 Blues Harp, Singer
N Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Robert Nighthawk Robert Lee McCollum Helena, AR 1909-1967 Blues Guitar, Singer
Hammie Nixon Hammie Nickerson Brownsville, TX 1908-1984 Country blues Harp
O Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
St. Louis Jimmy’ Oden  James Burke Oden Nashville, TN 1903-1977 Blues Piano, Singer
Andrew Odom Andrew Odom Denham Springs, LA 1936-1991 Chicago Singer
Johnny Otis Ioannis Alexandres Veliotes Vallejo, CA 1921-2012 R&B Piano, Drums, Vocals
Jack Owens L. F. Nelson Bentonia, MS 1904-1997 Delta Guitar, Singer
P Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Bobby Parker Robert Lee Parker Lafayette, LA 1937-2013 Blues-rock Guitar, Vocals
Junior Parker  Herman Parker, Jr. Bobo, MS 1932-1971 Blues Harp, Vocals
Earl Palmer Earl Cyril Palmer New Orleans, LA 1924-2008 R&B Drums
Charley Patton Charley Patton Hinds County, MS 1891?-1934 Delta, Country Guitar, Vocals
Les Paul Lester William Polsfuss Waukesha, WI 1915-2009 Blues Guitar
Peg Leg Sam Arthur Jackson Jonesville, SC 1911-1977 Country blues Harp, Vocals
Pinetop Perkins Joe Willie Perkins Belzoni, MS 1913-2011 Piano, Delta, Chicago Piano, Vocals
Brewer Phillips Brewer Phillips Coila, MS 1924-1999 Blues, Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Piano Red Willie Lee Perryman Hampton, GA 1911-1985 Blues, R&B Piano, Vocals
Piano C Red James Wheeler Montevallo, AL 1933-2013 Chicago Vocals, Piano
Lloyd Price Lloyd Price Kenner, LA 1933- R&B Singer
Sammy Price Samuel Blythe Price Honey Grove, TX 1908-1992 Jump blues Piano
Snooky Pryor James Edward Pryor Lambert, MS 1921-2006 Chicago, Delta Harp, Vocals
R Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Yank Rachell James A. Rachel Brownsville, TN 1910-1997 Country blues Vocals, Mandolin, Guitar
Ma Rainey  Gertrude Pridgett Columbus, GA 1886-1939 Classic female blues Singer 
A C Reed Aaron Corthen Wardell, MO 1926-2004 Chicago Vocals, Sax
Jimmy Reed Mathis James Reed Dunleith, MS 1925-1976 Blues Vocals, Guitar, Harp
Blind Joe Reynolds Joe Reynolds Tallulah, LA 1904-1968 Blues Singer, Guitar
Tommy Ridgley Thomas Herman Ridgley New Orleans, LA 1925-1999 Blues, R&B Singer
Little Richard Richard Wayne Penniman Macon, GA 1932- R&B Piano, Vocals
Fenton Robinson Fenton Lee Robinson Greenwood, MS 1935-1997 Chicago Singer, Guitar
Rockin’ Dopsie Alton Jay Rubin Carencro, LA 1932-1993 Zydeco Accordion, Singer
Jimmy Rogers Jay Arthur Lane Ruleville, MS 1924-1997 Chicago Guitar
Dr. Ross Charles Isaiah Ross Tunica, MS 1925-1993 Detroit Harp, Singer
Freddie Roulette Frederick Martin Roulette Evanston, IL 1939- Chicago Lap steel guitar
Otis Rush Otis Rush, Jr. Philadelphia, MS 1934- Chicago Vocals, Guitar
Jimmy Rushing James Andrew Rushing Oklahoma City, OK 1903-1972 Blues Singer
Bobby Rush Emmett Ellis Jr. Homer, LA 1940- Chicago, Blues, R&B Singer
S Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Dan Sane Daniel Sains Hernando, MS 1896-1956 Memphis, Country  Guitar, Vocals
Will Shade William Shade Jr Memphis, TN 1898-1966 Memphis Harp
Robert Shaw Robert Shaw Stafford, TX 1908-1985 Blues Piano, Vocals
Johnny Shines John Ned Shines Memphis, TN 1915-1992 Blues Guitar, Vocals
J D Short J.D. Short Port Gibson, MS 1902-1962 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Henry ‘Son’ Simms Henry Sims Anguilla, MS 1890-1958 Delta Fiddle
Frankie Lee Sims Frankie Lee Sims New Orleans, LA 1917-1970 Texas Guitar, Vocals
Barkin’ Bill Smith William Smith Cleveland, MS 1928-2000 Chicago Vocals
Bessie Smith Bessie Smith Chattanooga, TN 1894-1937 Blues Singer
Clara Smith Clara Smith Spartenburg County, SC 1894-1935 Classic female blues Singer
George ‘Harmonica’ Smith Allen George Smith West Helena, AR 1924-1983 Blues Harp
Huey ‘Piano’ Smith Huey Pierce Smith New Orleans, LA 1934- R&B Piano
Mamie Smith Mamie Robinson Cincinnati, OH 1883-1946 Blues Singer
Moses ‘Whispering’ Smith Moses Smith Union Church, MS 1932-1984 Swamp Blues Harp, Vocals
Pinetop Smith Clarence Smith Troy, AL 1904-1929 Blues Piano
Smokey Smothers Otis Smothers Lexington, MS 1929-1993 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Otis Spann Otis Spann Belzoni, MS 1924-1970 Chicago Piano, Vocals
Speckled Red Rufus George Perryman Hampton, GA 1892-1973 Blues Piano, Vocals
Victoria Spivey Victoria Regina Spivey Houston, TX 1906-1976 Blues Singer
Houston Stackhouse Houston Goff Wesson, MS 1910- 1980 Delta, Country Guitar, Vocals
Roebuck ‘Pops’ Staples Roebuck Staples Winona, MS 1914-2000 R&B, Blues Guitar, Vocals
Frank Stokes Frank Stokes Shelby County, TN 1888-1955 Delta, Country Guitar, Singer
Hubert Sumlin Hubert Charles Sumlin Greenwood, MS 1931-2011 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Sunnyland Slim Albert Luandrew Vance, MS 1906-1995 Blues Piano
Freddie Spruell Freddie Spruell Lake Providence, LA 1893-1956 Delta, Country Guitar, Singer
Roosevelt Sykes Roosevelt Sykes Elmar, AR 1906-1983 St. Louis Piano, Vocals
T Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
T-Model Ford James Lewis Carter Ford Forest, MS 1921?-2013 Delta, Blues-rock Singer, Guitar
Tampa Red Hudson Woodbridge Smithville, GA 1903-1981 Chicago Guitar, Vocals
Tarheel Slim Allen Rathel Bunn Bailey, NC 1923-1977 Blues, R&B Guitar, Vocals
Baby Tate Charles Henry Tate Elberton, GA 1920-1972 Piedmont, Country Singer, Guitar
Eddie ‘Playboy’ Taylor Edward Taylor Benoit, MS 1923-1985 Delta Guitar
Eva Taylor  Irene Joy Gibbons St. Louis, MO 1895-1977 Blues Singer
Hound Dog Taylor Theodore Roosevelt Taylor Natchez, MS 1915-1975 Chicago, Blues-rock Guitar, Vocals
Koko Taylor Cora Anna Walton Shelby County, TN 1928-2009 Chicago, R&B Singer
Sam ‘The Man’ Taylor Samuel Leroy Taylor, Jr. Lexington, TN 1916-1990 R&B Sax
Johnny ‘Geechie’ Temple Johnny Temple Hazlehurst, MS 1906-1968 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Sonny Terry Saunders Terrell Greensboro, GA 1911-1986 Piedmont, Country Harp, Vocals
Sister Rosetta Tharpe Rosetta Nubin Cotton Plant, AR 1915-1973 Gospel blues, R&B Guitar, Vocals
James ‘Son’ Thomas JamesThomas Eden, MS 1926-1993 Delta Guitar, Singer
Rufus Thomas Rufus C. Thomas, Jr Cayce, MS 1917-2001 R&B Singer
Tabby Thomas Ernest Joseph Thomas Baton Rouge, LA 1929-2014 Swamp Singer, Piano
Big Mama Thornton Willie Mae Thornton Ariton, AL 1926-1984 R&B, Texas Vocals, Harp
Allen Toussaint  Allen Toussaint  Gert Town, LA 1938-2015 R&B Piano
Henry Townsend Henry Jesse James Townsend Shelby, MS 1909-2006 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Tommy Tucker Robert Higginbotham Springfield, OH 1933-1982 Blues Singer, Piano
Big Joe Turner Joseph Vernon Turner Jr. Kansas City, MO 1911-1985 Jump blues Singer
Ike Turner Izear Luster Turner, Jr. Clarksdale, MS 1931-2007 R&B, Memphis Guitar, Vocals
Otha Turner Othar Turner Canton, MS 1907-2003 Hill country blues Fife and Drum
V Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Eddie ‘Cleanhead’ Vinson Edward L. Vinson Jr. Houston, TX 1917-1988 R&B, Jump blues Sax, Vocals
Walter Vinson Walter Vinson Bolton, MS 1901-1975 Memphis Singer, Guitar
Dave Van Ronk David Kenneth Ritz Van Ronk New York, NY 1936-2002 Blues, Country Singer, Guitar
W Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Johnny ‘Big Moose’ Walker John Mayon Walker Stoneville, MS 1927-1999 Chicago Piano, Guitar, Bass, Vocals
T-Bone Walker Aaron Thibeaux Walker Linden, TX 1910-1975 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Blind Willie Walker Willie Walker Greenville county, SC 1896-1933 Piedmont Guitar, Vocals
Sippie Wallace Beulah Belle Thomas Plum Bayou, AR 1898-1986 Blues Singer 
Little Walter  Marion Walter Jacobs Marksville, LA 1930-1968 Blues, Chicago, R&B Harp, Singer
Mercy Dee Walton Mercy Davis Walton Waco, TX 1915-1962 Jump blues Piano, vocals
Washboard Sam Robert Clifford Brown Walnut Ridge, AR 1910-1966 Blues Vocals, Washboard
Washboard Willie William Paden Hensley Bullock County, AL 1909-1991 Detroit Singer, Washboard
Dinah Washington Ruth Lee Jones Tuscaloosa, AL 1924-1963 Blues, R&B Singer, Piano
Ethel Waters  Ethel Waters Chester, PA 1896-1977 Blues Singer 
Muddy Waters McKinley Morganfield Issaquena County, MS 1915-1983 Blues, Chicago, Delta Guitar, Vocals
Johnny ‘Guitar’ Watson John Watson Jr. Houston, TX 1935-1996 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Curley Weaver Curley James Weaver Covington, GA 1906-1962 Blues Guitar, Vocals
Sylvester Weaver Sylvester Weaver Louisville, KY 1897-1960 Blues, Country Guitar, Vocals
Boogie Bill’ Webb William Webb Jackson, MS 1924-1990 Louisiana, R&B, Country Guitar, Singer
Junior Wells  Amos Wells Blakemore Jr. West Memphis, AR 1934-1998 Chicago Harp, Vocals
Peetie Wheatstraw William Bunch Ripley, TN 1902-1941 St. Louis Piano, Vocals
Bukka White Booker T. Washington White Aberdeen, MS 1909?-1977 Delta, Country Guitar, Vocals
Josh White Joshua Daniel White Greenville, SC 1914-1969 Piedmont, Country Guitar, Vocals
Joe Willie Wilkins Joe Willie Wilkins Davenport, MS 1923?-1979 Memphis Guitar, Singer
Big Joe Williams Joseph Lee Williams Oktibbeha County, MS 1903-1982 Delta Guitar, Vocals
Paul ‘Hucklebuck’ Williams Paul Williams Lewisburg, TN 1915-2002 R&B, Jump blues Sax
Robert Pete Williams Robert Pete Williams Zachary, LA 1914-1980 Louisiana Guitar, Vocals
Sonny Boy Williamson I ohn Lee Curtis Williamson Madison County, TN 1914-1948 Blues Harp, Vocals
Sonny Boy Williamson II Alex or Aleck Miller Tallahatchie County, MS 1912-1965 Blues Harp, Vocals
Weepin’ Willie William Lorenzo Robinson Atlanta, GA 1926-2007 Blues Singer 
Edith Wilson Edith Goodall Louisville, KY 1896-1981 Blues Singer 
Hop Wilson Harding Wilson Grapeland, TX 1921-1975 Texas Guitar, Vocals
Smokey Wilson Robert Lee Wilson Glen Allen, MS 1936-2015 West Coast Guitar, Singer
Rev. Robert Wilkins Robert Timothy Wilkins Hernando, MS 1896-1987 Country Guitar, Singer
Joe Willie Wilkins Joe Willie Wilkins Davenport, MS 1923?-1979 Memphis Guitar, Singer
Jimmy Witherspoon James Witherspoon Gurdon, AR 1920-1997 Blues, Jump blues Singer
Howlin’ Wolf Chester Arthur Burnett White Station, MS 1910-1976 Chicago Harp, Singer
Big John Wrencher John Thomas Wrencher Sunflower, MS 1923-1977 Blues Harp, Vocals
Billy Wright William Wright Atlanta, GA 1932?-1991 Jump blues, R&B Singer
Y Birth Name Birthplace Born-Died Genres Instruments
Mighty Joe Young Joseph Young Jr. Shreveport, LA 1927-1999 Chicago Singer, Guitar
Johnny Young Johnny Young Vicksburg, MS 1918-1974 Blues Guitar, Singer